About Our Umingan
Useful information about our humble abode.
The term demography is basically the description of the people. It is with respect to size, structure and development, how they were attained and how they were changing.
The demographic profile shows the information on the municipality’s population composition and its general information. The changes in population brought about by its components such as birth, death, and migration relate to the historical and projected growth in population.
Population composition includes the characteristics of the population in terms of age grouping and age ratios. It provides the basis for social and economic planning considerations. Economic dependency ratios and participation measures as in labor force participation ratios are derived from the population composition data. School age population and the enrollment participation ratios are also derived from population composition characteristics.
Population distribution, which is the demographic pattern of the location of people, is important in determining centers of population, hierarchy of settlements, and growth points of the municipality. Urbanization trends and density levels are also derived from population distribution patterns.
Therefore, it is essential to take into account into population projections, its size and characteristics in the municipal level which would serve as the basis for estimating future demands and needs.
The population data also include marital status, ethnic origin and dialects spoken; religious affiliations; literacy rate and number of disabled persons. These data determines the structure and composition of the population.
The population data is the basis for determining the level of needs for public services like schools, health centers, recreational facilities, power, water, protective services etc. Population creates local demand for goods and services affecting the level of economic activities in sustaining viable existence in the municipality.
The present and projected size of the population dictates housing and other basic needs adequacy as well as calculating future demands. It also serves as a guide for allocating land for various uses.
Thus, population growth is a major controlling factor in the maintenance or degradation of ecological balance and the massive conversion of protection and production lands like agricultural and forestlands to urban uses.*
The attainment of Sustainable development is based on the fundamental human rights of people, both men and women, in the development and decision making processes. These interrelationships are summarized through the Gender Responsive Population and Sustainable Development framework.
Historical Growth and Composition
The first recorded population of Umingan was 5,761, as per census in 1903 during the sensual year.
Population Size and Distribution
The municipality of Umingan has a total population of 73,252 as of December 2015 *, based on the update conducted by the National Statistics Office. Among the barangays in the municipality, the most populated is Poblacion West contributing 2,789 (10.234%) to the total population. Other significantly populated areas are Barangays Nancalabasaan 2,538 (3.46%), Barangay Barat 2,460 (3.36%), Barangay La Paz 2,384 (3.26%) and Don Montano 2,345 (3,20%).
On the other hand, the least populous barangays are dominated by Tanggal Sawang 379 (0.51%), Del Rosario 381 (0.52%), San Pablo 505 (0.69%), Labuan 555 (0.76%) and Decreto 558 (0.76%). These are rural barangays and this data is expected because urban barangays are more populated than the rural barangays.
Approximately 14,677 or 20.03% of the municipal population is concentrated in its seven urban barangays while the rest of 58,575 or79.97% dwells on rural areas this shows that the urban population of Umingan is at 20% while almost 80% is concentrated at the rural barangays. However, in terms of land-man ratio, the urban area dominates the rural zones of the municipality.
The municipality’s population of 73,252 is distributed over 58 barangays, which is divided into the rural area consisting of 51 barangays and the urban area consisting of 7 barangays to name; barangays Bantug, Caurdanetaan, Lauren, Nancalabasaan, Pemienta, Poblacion East and Poblacion West.
Table 9 shows that in Umingan, Poblacion West, Caurdanetaan, Poblacion East, Nancalabasaan and Bantug , which make up significant parts of the poblacion, have the highest densities. However, Brgy. San Leon is the fourth high density in Umingan which is in the Rural area. Among these barangays, Poblacion West is the most densely populated with 36.63 persons per hectare. On one hand, the sparsely populated barangay is Tanggal Sawang with only 1.34 person per hectare, while barangays Baracbac is 1.33 person per ha.,Diaz, 1.21 persons per ha. And Fulgosino, 1.11 persons per hectare, Vast portions of these two barangays (Baracbac and Diaz) are open spaces, lands for diversified crops and fruit trees and grazing lands. Moreover, population density of the municipality has an average of 2.46 persons per hectare.
Population Growth Rate
The crude birth rate of the municipality is 1.87% as of 2015 while the crude death rate 0.55%.
Based on the age distribution of January up to March 2015 population, the dependency ratio is 35.80% (26,223), which means that less than half of the population is dependent. Moreover, about 64.20% (47,029) of the population belonging to the 15-64 years old age bracket are potentially employable
Based on the 2015 statistics, the municipality has a potential labor force of 47,029 representing 64.20% of the total population of 73,252
Ilocano is predominantly spoken especially in the urban areas followed by the combination of Tagalog/Ilocano and the pure Tagalogs. Other dialects spoken by a few are attributed to migration. However, for updating the current dialects and to show that the municipality is gender sensitive, the LGBT lingo is included.
The municipality has over 20 religious sects. However majority of its people are Roman Catholics followed by Aglipay and Iglesia Ni Cristo. Other religious sects are First Baptist, Methodist, and others.